The Surrealist movement was founded in Paris by a small group of writers and artists who sought to channel the unconscious as a means to unlock the power of the imagination.
powerfully influenced by Sigmund Freud.
Influenced also by Karl Marx, they hoped that the psyche (innerself) had the power to reveal the contradictions (differ) in the everyday world and spur(motivates) on revolution.
The Surrealist impulse to tap the subconscious mind, and their interests in myth and primitivism, went on to shape the Abstract Expressionists, and they remain influential today.
Surrealism has come to be seen as the most influential movement in twentieth century art. Figures like Salvador Dalí and Man Ray not only had an important influence on avant-garde art, but through their commercial work – in fashion photography, advertising and film – they brought the style to a huge popular audience
key artist: Andre Breton, Max Ernst, Salvador Dali, Pablo Picasso.