The Basic Components of A News Story

A story is essentially make up of the following components
• Theme
• Plot
• Setting
• Characters
• Dialogue
• Point of View
• Style

• A theme is the main idea or meaning behind a story.
• The theme of a story is often abstract and not addressed directly in the narrative.
• It is imparted to the story by the concrete events and dialogue occurring in the story.

• A plot is the organization of events that will take place in the story.
• Plot and characters carry the elements of the story.
• The plot must be believable, plausible, interesting and most importantly, engaging.
• It is a sequence of events connected in a cause and effect manner.
• Generally Plot consists of a series of increasingly more intense conflicts, a climax (the most intense part of the story) and a final resolution.

• The setting is the place, time and in some cases, the environment in which the story takes place.
• The setting should be specially described in detail to make the story seem real, to set the atmosphere and mood of the story.

• Characters are the people or animals in a story.
• A well written story will have characters that readers can identify with and care about as they seem so real.
• Characters should be introduced early in the story and more often a character is mentioned, the more significance the reader will attach to the character.
• The nature of characters can be brought out through description, actions, thoughts and dialogue of the characters.

• Dialogue is the spoken words of the characters in the story and it makes fiction seem real.
• Dialogue should be used to develop character or to advance the story.
• A small amount of dialect in dialogue can be used to establish the nature of the character but should not overuse as dialect can be difficult to read.
• The level of use of language by the characters i.e. pronunciation, diction, grammar etc, is often used to characterize people in a story.

• Point of view is the relative identification of the narrator with the characters.
• A first person point of view has the main character telling the story.
• A first person point of view gives a sense of intimacy to the story.
• Third person point of view cab be objective or omniscient.
• Objective narrator describes actions but not the inner thoughts or feelings of the characters.
• An omniscient narrator can describe all the actions of all the characters and their inner thoughts and feelings as well

• Style is the writer’s use and the method of using the language.
• The choice of words can help set the tone and pace of the story.
• A shorter, concrete word tends to be stronger and provides sharper definition while long and flowery words tend to be abstract.


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